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Turn an FM Transmitter into a Micro Pirate Radio


Corporate radio is preprogrammed junk. But don’t curse the DJ; seize the airwaves! With a soldering iron and a cheapo FM transmitter — the kind used to play an iPod through a car radio — you can transform your humble Honda into a Radio Free Civic that can broadcast your tunes up to … 100 feet. 

Step 1. Pry open the transmitter’s case with a putty knife and remove the internal antenna (often labeled ant).

Step 2. In its place, solder a telescoping antenna or a piece of copper wire — no more than 35 inches long for broadcasting within the standard FM transmission spectrum.

Step 3. The transmitter may have a resistor, typically marked with an r, to limit the power of the signal. Replace it with copper wire to boost the transmission.

Step 4. Slap a bumper sticker on your ride advertising your station’s frequency. You’ll soon build a grateful audience of fellow commuters suffering through that traffic jam.

Contributed by Mathew Honan

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How To Create And Utilize An SMS Flooder


Creating and utilizing an SMS flooder

by Halla

This was a topic I wasn’t going to cover, being that I think it to be a potentially serious problem (an opinion shared by several people I have discussed it with) however by the time I release this tutorial I have taken every possible step toward alerting the pertinent authorities to this vulnerability and its potential effects. This being said lets continue.

As many of you know, most people with a cell phone have a plan that includes SMS / text messaging. It is possible to send a phone a message via email providing that you know the target phones full 10-digit phone number and their provider. You send an email to the number at the particular providers predetermined address and Voila! The phone gets the message. If you were to send several messages, the phone would receive these as well, and this is where we come into the potential for attack.

Obviously this service being not only free, but also incredibly easy to perform constitutes and even welcomes the potential for abuse. This article will cover how to create such an attack locally (one target) and also discuss the theoretical implications of a wide area attack.

Obviously anonymity is the key.
As you may or may not know there are several ways to send an email anonymously and many programs are available that already have the feature or can be modified to preform this function automatically. By sending the targets phone either a predetermined or even an endless loop of emails, they will receive that same number of text messages. How quickly this attack is initiated seems to be dependent on the provider/service and method used in the attack.

There are many ways to stage an attack, yet the principal is the same.

Method one:
Create an email account that does not require confirmation for forwarding of messages. I will use Gmail as a working example for the time being. Be sure to create and access this account as anonymously as possible utilizing proxies, war driving combined/w MAC spoofing, public terminals/w attention to cameras, sign-ins and terminal seating placement/arrangement, as well as any other measures you may take to protect your identity. Ideally a combination of methods should be used. Once the account is created, simply set it up to receive as many emails as possible. This can be accomplished by signing up to various daily mailings, alerts, groups, etc. Be creative. Once you are happy with the amount of traffic being generated simply forward the account to the target.

Settings > Forwarding and POP > Forward a copy of incoming mail to >
Obviously enter the targets address in the field provided.
Example: (5551235555@cellprovidersaddy.net)
This methods effectiveness is dependent solely on the amount of traffic you can generate in the mail accts inbox and the speed in which it is done.

Method two:
Create a yahoo account. Again, be sure to create and access this account as anonymously as possible as I previously mentioned. When setting up this account, be sure to add the targets email address as the secondary email address. Log in and go to alerts.yahoo.com or the alerts setup page. At this point your goal is to activate as many alerts as possible to the account so use the alerts you think will yield the most traffic. I have found keyword auction alerts to be particularly effective when using keywords like “of”, “an”, “be”, “ship”, “my” etc. Be sure to set these alerts to “Immediate Delivery” for maximum effect. I would think that 15 to 20 common keywords ought to constitute a significant attack.

Method three:
Using telnet or another similar means to send an anonymous email is also a possibility however this methods effectiveness hasn’t been as good as the other methods I’ve covered so far. This may have something to do with the SMTP servers I’ve been using in my proof of concept testing so I’m going to cover my ass and say that results will vary. Its very simple to do, and automation of this process is also relatively standard though for general security and convenience reasons I wont be posting code or where to get code for an anonymous mail bomber but I should however comment that there are many existing programs out there that can either be modified or utilized in a particular way as to make them anonymous. (Update – When using reliable SMTP servers, this method is just as effective as the others mentioned.)

Method four:
Many chat clients offer the option of forwarding IM/PMs to a mobile device. (AIM for example has no confirmation at all… just pop in the number and flood away) Some chat clients however require a confirmation from the cell phone user to activate. While this would seem to be a secure way to ensure that no abuse of the system or attacks as we are speaking about takes place, we seem to have a general lapse in security. Let me explain.

Using yahoo messenger as an example, when setting up the account to forward all messages to a mobile device it requires you know the provider/service of the phone number and also sends the phone a 5-digit numerical confirmation number. This number must be entered into the form for the changes to take place. However, for some strange reason there is no brute forcing protection on this entry field so its only matter of running through 5 numerical characters… a feat that would take a program/w the proper dictionary file no time at whatsoever. In any case, once the confirmation number has been entered, it is simply a matter of sending as many IM/PMs to that ID as possible, and again there are many existing programs out there that can be modified to be used anonymously and effectively or already are and if nothing else are easy enough to create.

Enough methods. If you’ve read any of my other articles you know that there’s more than one way to do any and everything. I’m sure you can use these examples to perform your own proof of concept tests and will come up with a few other methods I didn’t mention or perhaps never thought of. Now let’s move on and discuss the implications of applying this attack to broader targets.

If you live in the North Eastern US (possibly other locations as well) and were trying to use your cell phone during the terrible attacks of 9-11 you may have noticed that the network was busy, and the phones didn’t work the whole time, if at all. This was due to the unusually large volume of calls going out at once which the towers weren’t ready to handle. The towers were flooded, and therefore basically experienced a DDOS attack through legitimate traffic. The same principal would apply theoretically if one were to uses this SMS attack method on a wide scale, say every number in a particular area code and across a variety of providers. (Obviously this is all speculation because I don’t see the point of potentially shutting down cellular service in an area just for a proof of concept.) In any case lets say one were to launch an attack on a scale of that size or larger (several or all area codes in an area ranging from a few towns to the continental United States) of 750,000 messages. This would result in one of the following:

1. Every phone with txt/sms messaging service will receive 750,000 messages.
2. The local cellular towers become overwhelmed by the traffic and emulate a DDOS attack.

The least destructive possibility is that the person initiating the attack would overwhelm the cellular provider’s servers and cause them to fail. Also, obviously if one were to make a list of every possible number in a particular range not all of them will be valid phone numbers and will bounce back with “delivery not sent” messages. Removing potential invalid numbers from the list would prove tedious if not maddening. If one were to use a mail server that allowed forwarding without confirmation to do this (for example Gmail) this person could use this forwarding flaw to their advantage and initiate a completely separate simultaneous attack using the hundreds of thousands of bounce backs to flood another mail server, particular account, etc.

Some interesting bonus info on these types of attacks includes the following:
1. The target may not be able to make any calls while the flooding is taking place
2. The target may be forced to delete each message manually depending on the type of phone they have.
3. The target is charged for every message received over their plan limit, and in some cases when initiated from email it is considered data not txt/sms so there is a completely different (and usually higher) billing rate.

As you can see, these types of attacks can be incredibly destructive and at the least incredibly annoying. If no change is made to the system I foresee these types of attacks becoming more common, especially due to their simplicity.

Link: http://www.informationleak.org/viewtopic.php?f=46&t=5210#47886

How Hackers Hack Into Answering Machines


The Hackers Guide to Answering Machines

by Murder Mouse
Section 1: The Introduction
Many years ago I remember reading a tutorial called “Hacking Answering Machines”. This tutorial was apparently written back in 1989, when answering machines were just blossuming into the market. This was back during the days of cassette-recorder answering machines. The tutorial spoke of different vendors and models that used for the most part 2-digit passwords for remote access. It is now the year 2005, and for the most part cassette-recorder answering machines are a thing of the past, replaced by digital answering machines. Surely they’ve beefed up security since then, right? Wrong. The truth is though most answering machines are now digital, and many new features have been added to them since then, the password scheme is still pretty much the same. That is where this tutorial comes into play. To show you, the reader, how to gain access into these newer digital answering machines using the same techniques that were used 15 years ago (yeah, I know, sad isn’t it?). So without further crap….

Section 2: Gaining Access
The easiest way to gain access into an answering machine is to use it’s preset access code. This is the access code set at default by the vendor on the given device. The best thing about this is that most users don’t bother to change the access code to their device, if they even know that they have such a feature. Even worse yet, some of the manuals given for the device by it’s vendor even tells the user that changing the access code is optional, not necessary. So of course since most people only do what they feel is necessary, these access codes are many times if not usually set at default. So what I’m going to do for you now is list the different popular vendors out there, and include their preset access codes, how to use them, and controls to use after gaining access. Keep in mind that if there is no model number beside the vendor, then that means that the information given works on most of their models. Likewise of course if there is a model identification beside the vendor name (placed in parenthesis) then that of course means that the information provided is model dependant. So let’s begin, shall we?

1) AT&T – preset access code is 10 – when the answering machine picks up punch in the access code
7 – play messages
6 – play new messages
# – stop/pause
2 – repeat message
5 – skip message
4* – record announcement (push # to end recording)
41 – play announcement
* – record memo
33 – delete all messages
3 – delete selected
0 – turn system on
88 – turn system off
99 – change remote code

2) BellSouth – preset access code is 555, Mailbox 1: 555, 2: 666, 3: 777, 4: 888 – when the machine picks up hit * and then punch in the access code
0 – help (use this to get the commands available)

3) Freestyle – preset access code is 000 – when the machine picks up push in the D button and then punch in the access code
2 – play all messages
3 – play new messages
4 – skip back during messages
5 – delete during messages
6 – skip forward during messages
8 – play outgoing message
9 – record new outgoing message
0 – set answering machine on/off
1 – hear main menu

4) Vtech (VT650) – preset access code is 0000 – enter access code during announcement
#4 – repeat message
#5 – pause message
#6 – skip to next message
#7 – delete message
#8 – skip backwards
#9 – stop/exit any function
*8 – room monitor

5) Vtech (VT2650/VT2468) – preset access code is 50 – enter access code during announcement
#4 – repeat message
#6 – skips message
#5 – stops
#9 – delete message
#7 – review announcement (after beep press 7 to record an announcement and use #5 to stop)

6) Vtech (HK5886) – preset access code is 48 – enter access code during announcement
#1,2,3 – play new or old messages
#4 – repeat message
#6 – skip message
#5 – stop
#9 – delete message
#7 – review announcement (after beep press 7 to record an announcement and use #5 to stop)

7) Olympia (OL2410) – preset access code is 0000 – enter access code during accouncement
1,2,3 – select and play messages
4 – repeat message
44 – ignore message
6 – play next message
7 – delete current message
8 – record memo
9 – record announce (5 to stop)
0 – toggle answer on/off
* – play help menu

8) Doro – preset access code is 321 – enter access code right after outgoing message has played (or during)
1 – repeat/skip to previous message
2 – play/pause message
3 – skip to next message
4 – play current outgoing message
5 – record new outgoing message
6 – stop
7 – erase current message
8 – switch off answering machine
9 – switch on answering machine/select outgoing message
0 – (after playback) erases all messages
# – end playback
## – end call

9) Virgin Pulse cordless phone – preset access code is 123 – enter access code during outgoing message
1 – review current message
2 – skip to next message
3 – erase the current message
4 – play all or new messages
7 – repeat voice menu
0 – turn on/off TAD

10) Panasonic – preset access code is 11 or 1111 – enter access code during outgoing message
4 – new message playback
5 – all message playback
1 – repeat
2 – skip
9 – stop
7 – record new announcement (use 9 to end recording)

There are also a few random vendors that don’t automatically preset an access code on the machine, forcing it’s user to set one up him/herself. This is a small step forward as far as security is concerned, but every vendor I saw that did this still used a mere 2-digit access code. To test and see if your target has this type of setup press # when the machine start, and then press 0. If the machine returns to the announcement then you know this is the kind of machine it is. Of course, in reality, this isn’t all that bad of a scheme since you have 100 different combinations available for the access code. However, most users simply set these access codes as 11, 22, 69, etc. So yeah, just try it out. If it disconnects you after so many tries, call back from another payphone (which you should be using in this case).

Section 3: The Conclusion
Again, it’s sad that the same failed access code schemes that were used 15 years ago are still used today. It’s just more proof that common sense just can’t keep up with the pace of technology. We can create devices that can store more data, run such data more efficiently, and have it held on smaller and smaller devices, but it seems we just can’t keep that data secure. No matter how many advisories are released, no matter how many security lectures are given, none of it matters, because in the end people prefer ease over security. So until this mentality changes the same crap that worked 15 years ago will work 15 years from now.

Link: http://www.informationleak.org/viewtopic.php?f=46&t=5215#47891

An Introduction To SMS Warfare


An Introduction to SMS Warfare

by James Penguin
The purpose of the following article is to take you through the process of carrying out a *controlled* SMS flood against a single target. I will cover how to identify your target’s service provider, and two separate methods of attack. If you are unfamiliar with the concept of SMS flooding, I would suggest you read, “Creating and Utilizing an SMS Flooder” by Halla which can be found here on InformationLeak.

[ A Brief Review ]
Before we begin, a brief explanation of how this works. Every cell phone that supports SMS has its own email address, the format of that address is:

1+(Area Code)+(Phone Number) @(Service Provider’s SMS Gateway)

So the address for the phone number (555) 867-5309 where T-Mobile is the service provider would be, 15558675309@tmomail.net By sending an email to this address, the phone it is associated with will receive a text message. And therein lies the potential for abuse.
NOTE: If the message sent is larger than the maximum size of a text message (Typically 160 characters) the message will be received as a picture message instead.
NOTE2: Depending on the service provider of your target, prefixing the address with a 1 may not work. Some providers, such as T-Mobile use it; and some providers, such as Verizon do not.

[ Identifying the Service Provider ]
The obvious first step in an SMS flood is identifying your target’s service provider. There are 2 methods of doing this, the first of which is just good ol’ fashioned social engineering. If you know your target personally, sending them a message along the lines of, “Agh my cell bill is ridiculous I hate who do you use?” will usually yield the desired info. However there are a few flaws with that strategy. First off it relies heavily on chance, it could give you away later on as the attacker, and finally it just isn’t stealthy. Luckily for us the White Pages’ reverse phone number lookup system lists not only the type of line for the number you search, but also the provider. So head on over to http://www.whitepages.com/reverse_phone plug in your target’s phone number, and whammo you now know their service provider. But just knowing your target’s service provider isn’t enough, you’ll also need to identify the SMS gateway for their particular service provider. A big list of service providers and their associated SMS gateway can be found at, http://net127.com/notes/index.php?title … teway_List … teway_List So for example, the SMS gateway for T-Mobile USA would be tmomail.net Which would mean that if your target’s phone number is (555) 867-5309, then their phone’s email address would be 15558675309@tmomail.net And with that, you are now ready to begin your attack!

[ Method One: Direct Interface with a SMTP Server ]
Now the simplest method of course would be to telnet into a SMTP server and then send your messages. However telnetting in by hand and sending the messages one by one isn’t very efficient. That’s where a little Python magic comes into play, everything you’ll need to execute the flood can be done using the Python interpreter. So if you don’t already have it, go download and install Python from http://python.org and fire up the interpreter. Now use the following example as a guide for your own flood.

Python 2.4.3 (#1, Jul 26 2006, 20:13:39)
[GCC 3.4.6] on linux2
Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license” for more information.
>>> import smtplib
>>> smtp_server = “smtp.server.whatever”
>>> from_address = “god@heaven.org” # this can be whatever you like
>>> to_address = “1558675309@tmomail.net” # the target phone’s email address
>>> message = “:)” # Gonna send that girl a smiley face, girls love smiley faces
>>> s = smtplib.SMTP()
>>> s.connect(smtp_server)
>>> while True: # creates an infinite loop
… s.sendmail(from_address,to_address,message)
… print “Message sent!”

Message sent!
Message sent!

It’s that simple! Unfortunately, there are a couple problems with this method of attack. First of course is that you’ll only be able to get off about 50 messages before you’re banned from the server for spamming, and second is that you have to directly connect to the server and thus are being logged. While you could use a proxy, there’s an easier, and trickier method that requires no proxies and is just as effective.

[ Method Two: Forwarding Gmail With a MySpace Twist ]
First off, register an account with Gmail, and then create a MySpace account using your newly created Gmail account as the email address. Next go to the account settings for your new MySpace profile, and enable the following:

– Do not send me MySpace newsletters
– Under Privacy Settings:
– Friend Requests – Require email or last name
– Blog Comments – Friends Only
– And everything for the Group Invite and Event Invite privacy settings
– Under IM Privacy Settings:
– Select the radio button next to “No one can IM me.”
– And everything for Block IM Invites From settings

The goal of all these settings is to make it so that the only email you actually receive from MySpace are alerts for when you receive a profile comment. The next step is to use another MySpace account to become friends with the one you’ve just created.

Finally, setup your Gmail account to forward email it receives to your target phone’s email address. This is done by going to Settings > Forwarding and POP, and then selecting the radio button next to where it says “Forward a copy of incoming mail to” Obviously now you enter the target phone’s email address, and it doesn’t really matter whether or not you keep a copy in the Gmail inbox. Lastly click, “Save Changes” and you’re done.

With all these configurations complete you should now have a MySpace profile, that for every comment it receives will send a picture message (remember how I mentioned messages exceeding 160 characters are received as a picture message?) to your target’s phone. Thus creating a SMS flood is accomplished by spamming your newly created profile with comments. And wouldn’t you know it, I’ve already got a Python script to do just that! (Oh and it’s multi threaded to boot!)

  1. #!/usr/bin/env python
  2. import urllib2, ClientForm, threading, sys
  3. email = “” # Email address of account to post comments
  4. password = “” # Password of account to post comments
  5. friendID = “” # Friend ID of recipient of comments
  6. message = “” # Message to leave in comments
  7. thread_limit = 40 # Number of bots to run in parallel
  8. class postComment(threading.Thread): def __init__(self): threading.Thread.__init__(self) def run(self): print “Posting comment %d!” % counter
  9. res = opener.open(req)
  10. forms = ClientForm.ParseResponse(res)
  11. form = forms[1]
  12. form[“ctl00$cpMain$postComment$commentTextBox”] = message
  13. res = opener.open(form.click())
  14. forms = ClientForm.ParseResponse(res)
  15. form = forms[1]
  16. opener.open(form.click())
  17. # login
  18. opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor())
  19. opener.addheaders = [(‘User-agent’, ‘Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.5; Windows NT)’)]
  20. urllib2.install_opener(opener)
  21. res = opener.open(req)
  22. forms = ClientForm.ParseResponse(res)
  23. form = forms[1]
  24. form[“email”] = email
  25. form[“password”] = password
  26. opener.open(form.click())
  27. # post comment
  28. counter = 0
  29. while 1:
  30. try:
  31. if threading.activeCount() < thread_limit:
  32. print counter
  33. postComment().start()
  34. counter+=1
  35. sys.stdout.write(“\r%d Comments Posted.” % counter)
  36. sys.stdout.flush()
  37. except KeyboardInterrupt: break

In order to run the script above, you’ll need to download the ClientForm module, found at http://www.clientform.com. Just extract ClientForm.py into the same directory as the script above. Now to to begin your attack, modify the necessary variables in commenter.py and then execute it.

[ Close ]
There you have it, two sure fire ways to piss off and rack up the phone bill of anyone you want. Just don’t go getting yourselves arrested. With that I bid you good day, and may the fortunes of war smile upon you.

Link: http://www.informationleak.org/viewtopic.php?f=46&t=5214#47890

Configure Cain And Able Properly


//
//

How to configure Cain and Abel Properly

Disclaimer: Sniffing a network is illegal, without the proper permission. If in any instance you get caught, I nor the creators of Cain and Able be liable of responsible for what laws you violate. In no way is the author of this pictorial responsible for any loss of data, business revenue or hardware damages. Use this information at your own risk!

xyr0x is in No way affiliated with the developers of Cain and Able http://www.oxid.it/cain.html

Copyright xyr0x security 2007/2008

Step One: Configuring the Sniffer, make sure you’ve selected the proper device, which lists your Internal IP. You can find your Internal IP by looking at Step.

Image

Step Two: Configuring ARP Poisoning Routine. You can Spoof your IP And MAC Address, be noted that it must be within your default gateway IP range. Check the “Pre-Poison ARP Caches” And do NOT use ARP REQUEST PACKETS on larger networks, as it’s more prone to cause DoS(Denial of Service attacks). Once configured, click Apply, and Ok

Image

Step Three: Click on the Yellow Hazard icon… to Turn the sniffer on

Image

Step Four: Goto Start|Run|CMD And type in the following syntax: ipconfig /all Now look for your “DEFAULT GATEWAY” this is what you’re going to want to remember. Aswell, as your Internal IP will be displayed as well. For carrying over onto Step One. (I’ve ommitted my sensitive information)

Image

Step Five: Ok .this is the place where a lot of people get confused (infektid, thanks), Ok, see the APR display in the LEFT pane? Click on the top APR icon, now in the RIGHT pain, click on it. Now, you see the Blue + button enabled up? Click on the Blue Plus button, it’ll bring you to the New ARP Poison Routing dialog. Ok, now remember what your Default gateway was? Good, locate it in the Left pane, in the dialog, and click on it. Now in the RIGHT pane, you’ll see the rest of the other people on your network. Highlight all of the gateway address’ in the RIGHT pane, once that is done, click OK.

Image

Step Six: Click on the Sniffer tab, and then goto the HOSTS in the lower tabs at the bottom. Click on the BLUE PLUS button again, and be noted if you spoofed your DEFAULT GATEWAY you’ll need to set the Range, rather then All hosts in my subnet, or else it won’t detect the gateways on your network… or any below your spoofed gateway. Select All tests in Promiscuous-Mode scanner, click OK. Now wait for the hosts to parse through the sniffer, and appear on the interface. Once this has been completed… you can goto the Sniffer tab, and witness it poison the network, and once it’s started the pre-poisoning routines you’ll probably have successfully logged passwords, and shit. I hope this helped you, You script kiddie! =o] – xyr0x

Image

Link: http://www.informationleak.org/viewtopic.php?f=46&t=5121#47766

How VoiceMail Hacking Works And How To Protect


How it Works

Voicemail hacking is a simple case of phone number spoofing, which is where you artificially make your number look like it’s the victims number. You then simply call the victims number while you’re spoofing the same number and you get sent directly to their voicemail. It’s works the same way as calling yourself from your phone, except you can do it from any phone. This method would be no good if every cell carrier required you to put in a password to access your voicemail, but they don’t. I’m pretty sure all cell carriers have the function but they probably have it turned off by default to prevent customers from forgetting their passwords and getting locked out of their voicemail.

I assume they think a call from the customer’s phone is security enough for most so they don’t turn it on by default. This is obviously not true since websites like telespoof are around and can even let you try it for free. All you have to do is put your number in the first box and the victims number in the second and third box and hit the “Try Telespoof” button. It will first call you and then the victim which should send you directly to their voicemail. If they don’t have a password then you’re in. So you see it’s more of trick than a hack since there’s not a lot between you and their voicemail. You didn’t really break into a house if the backdoor was open if you know what I mean!

Doing this is illegal, of course, and is probably considered to be wiretapping or something similar which I believe is a felony. So by all means don’t try this especially with malicious intent, because it can be traced if you’re not carful.

How to Protect Yourself

Protecting yourself is easy, all you have to do is put a password on your voicemail. To do this, or check to see if you have a password, just call yourself from your phone that is assigned to that number. If it doesn’t ask you for a password then you are at risk. To assign a password listen to the automated menu options. AT&T’s password settings are under Personal Option >> Administrative Options>> Passwords. Once there hitting 2 lets you turn the password on and off. Once you have done that and have navigated back to the passwords menu hitting one will let change the password.

The shortcut from the main menu is 4212 to turn passwords on and 4211 to change the password. Verizon has a password prompt on all their accounts so if you are a Verizon customer you are safe. I had to turn on my password on for my AT&T phone, so if you are a AT&T user you might want to check yours.

This whole scandal is really the cell carries fault making it easy for people to break into your voicemail account. If I were someone effected by these voicemail hacking scandals I would be suing them first.

source:- http://www.blogiversity.org/blogs/willburns1/archive/2011/07/25/how-voicemail-hacking-works-and-how-to-protect-yourself.aspx

64 Things Every Wannabe Geek Should Know By Caintechnews


Here is an article from https://caintechnews.wordpress.com/ 

a must recommended list for those who want to learn basic things in this geek world. 

If you consider yourself a geek, or aspire to the honor of geekhood, here’s an essential checklist of must-have geek skills.

The term ‘geek’, once used to label a circus freak, has morphed in meaning over the years. What was once an unusual profession transferred into a word indicating social awkwardness. As time has gone on, the word has yet again morphed to indicate a new type of individual: someone who is obsessive over one (or more) particular subjects, whether it be science, photography, electronics, computers, media, or any other field. A geek is one who isn’t satisfied knowing only the surface facts, but instead has a visceral desire to learn everything possible about a particular subject.

A techie geek is usually one who knows a little about everything, and is thus the person family and friends turn to whenever they have a question. If you’re that type of person and are looking for a few extra skills to pick up, or if you’re a newbie aiming to get a handhold on the honor that is geekhood, read on to find out what skills you need to know.

1. The Meaning of Technical Acronyms

  • USB – Universal Serial Bus
  • GPU – Graphics Processing Unit
  • CPU – Central Processing Unit
  • SATA – Serial ATA
  • HTML – Hyper-text Markup Language
  • HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • FTP – File Transfer Protocol
  • P2P – Peer-to-peer sharing (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P2P)

2. How to Reset RAM

If you rolled your eyes here, that is a good thing. If not, you have many things to learn, young padawan. It’s amazing how few people know how to do this. If you’re unsure, hit up the link below to find out how:

http://www.yousaytoo.com/sudjarwo/how-to-reset-ram-in-a-computer/29133

This tip is only really good for older machines running 9x based OS’s. However if you are running Windows Vista this can have a problem with RAM so here is how to create a desktop shortcut to free up RAM.

1. Right-click on your desktop and select New > Shortcut.
2. Copy/paste the following into the box: %windir%\system32\rundll32.exe advapi32.dll,ProcessIdleTasks
3. Click Next, name it ‘Clear Memory’, and click Finish.Give it asuitable icon so it looks nice.

3. Identify Keyloggers

Internet cafes are the most likely place you’ll find them, followed by library, perhaps, and maybe even you own house if you’ve some unscrupulous friends/family. Identity theft groups warn about keyloggers and advocate checking out the keyboard yourself before continuing. Can you identify a keylogger, however, if one is plugged into the back of the system?

Here’s what one looks like:

Hit up this link for excellent info on keyloggers on public computers and how to protect yourself:

, http://www.ghacks.net/2007/06/28/how-to-defeat-most-keyloggers-on-public-computers/

4. Surf the Web Anonymously

We won’t make any assumptions about why you may need this particular skill, but the fact remains that every geek should know how to traverse the Internet with the highest amount of security possible.

Aside from the safest method–which is using a connection that is not yours–you will need the ultimate in proxies…Tor. Tor is an onion-routing system which makes it ‘impossible’ for someone to find out who you actually are.

5. Bypass a Computer Password on All Major Operating Systems

Obviously you shouldn’t use this to gain unlawful access to a computer. If you’re a geek, however, you’ll eventually end up in a situation where someone forgets their password, you acquire a machine with an operating system you cannot access, or similar situation.

See this tutorial for info on how to bypass the password on the three major operating systems: Windows, Mac, and Linux.

http://www.joetech.com/2009/01/29/how-to-crack-the-account-password-on-any-operating-system/

6. Find a Users IP Address on AIM

Knowing someones IP address is actually pretty useless in this case, but most people don’t realize that. If someone is harassing you via AIM and you can’t get them to stop, discovering their IP and sending it to them–with a nicely worded threat of law enforcement involvement should they not stop–is likely enough to send them scamping away with tail between legs.

http://www.elitehackers.info/forums/archive/index.php/t-2827.html

7. Hide a File Behind a JPEG

So you need a nice spot to hide your blackmail personal files. You could, of course, bury them deeply within a series of random, useless folders, but there’s always the chance of them being discovered. A password protected RAR is the best choice, but it’s a bit obvious despite the most boring title you could give it.

A sneaky person would hide the important file behind a completely random and boring family reunion photo, where no person in their right mind would shift through.

http://www.online-tech-tips.com/computer-tips/hide-file-in-picture/

8. Crack a Wifi Password

This is one of those things you don’t need to do (hopefully), but that you still need to know just for the sake of knowledge. A strong WPA password is very secure, but most people don’t want to bother learning a convoluted series of letters, numbers, and symbols, instead opting for random everyday words.

A good overall tutorial on wifi and cracking can be found here: http://docs.lucidinteractive.ca/index.php/Cracking_WEP_and_WPA_Wireless_Networks

9. Monitor Network Traffic

The Internet is a vast place with a bit of everything. Whether you’re curious about what your roommate is downloading, your kid is getting into, or any leeches living around you who’ve unscrupulously breached your wifi, knowing how to analyze network traffic is an invaluable skill.

Here is a list of dozens of network analyzers, as well as some general info to get you started: http://www.slac.stanford.edu/xorg/nmtf/nmtf-tools.html

10. Recover Master Boot Record

A virus or other problem can lead to an MBR error, which will make it impossible to access install. Many users would simply become frustrated and reinstall, but not you! Every geek should know how to recover the master book record.

Here is an excellent guide to get started: http://www.ntfs.com/mbr-damaged.htm

11. Retrieve Data off Hard Drive

There will come some point in your life when a hard drive craps out sans warning. It could be due to a number of reasons–physical damage, file corruption, etc. There are computer service centers that would be happy to extract the data for a (hefty) fee; a true geek would be the one working at center, not taking his or her drive there.

To find out how to retrieve data off a damaged hard drive, read here: http://laptoplogic.com/resources/5-ways-to-retrieve-data-off-a-crashed-hard-drive

12. Load Rockbox onto an MP3 Player

The firmware that comes on your average mp3 player is intended for those who are scared of advanced features; often, the only audio settings available are a few prearranged EQs. If you’re an audiophile–or simply frustrated with the lack of control over your music settings–Rockbox is the firmware for you. Open source and free, it can be installed on several different types of players and enables full control over what you listen to.

http://rockbox.org

13. Unbrick a Smartphone

No geek can resist the allure of flashing the newest beta firmware onto their shiny smartphone. The byproduct of that is sometimes a bricked phone, which would leave many sobbing into their pillow at night. To avoid rendering your $400 gadget into a door stopper, learn the fine art of unbricking and then flash away.

As the method used to fix a phone will vary, this is the best place to start looking for answers: http://www.howardforums.com/

14. Replace a Laptop Keyboard

Keyboards get gummy after awhile. If you use yours a lot (aka: all day), then you probably eat over it at some point. Crumbs get into the keys and things are sticking, and before you know it, you need a new keyboard.

http://www.refurbished-laptop-guide.com/how-to-remove-a-laptop-keyboard.html

15. Rip Streaming Videos

Streaming videos are officially in vogue. We’re not going to make any assumptions about what type of videos you are streaming and may want to keep, but no matter what it is, any geek could rip them while sipping a Red Bull and watching the latest episode of BSG.

Here’s a hint to get you started: http://applian.com/download-videos

or try this one http://www.downloadyoutubevideos.com

16. Strip Windows DRM

DRM is incredibly annoying. With many online stores now offering DRM-free mp3 audio files, it would seem it’s not as big of an issue as it used to be. That is not not the case, however, with all videos bearing a DRM as well as music of a higher-quality than MP3.

Stripping Windows DRM is not legal. If you’re a geek, your probably don’t care: http://undrm.info/remove-DRM-protection/FairUse4WM-freeware-DRM-removal-Windows-software-Strip-copy-protection-from-WMV-ASF-WMA-Windows-Media-Player.htm

17. Homebrew Hack Game Systems

Gaming consoles are notorious for having features you can’t use simply because the manufacturer decided to lock them down. As a geek, you can’t just be satisfied with the features they decided to give you. No, you have to crack that case open and take a peek inside. Every geek should know how to homebrew hack their system and unlock it’s full potential.

18. Find a Website IP Address Without Web/Command Prompt Access

Some school admins think they’re being sneaky when they lock down the command prompt and block all major IP search websites and block all the websites you actually want to visit. Of course, that is child’s play for any geek.

First, to get a new command prompt, open Notepad and type: command.com. Then, save as “cmd.bat”. You now have a command prompt.

Now, open the command prompt and type “ping http://www.website.com/” to find the IP address of that website.

Enter the website into the browser and you will officially have impressed all your friends.

19. Bypass School or Work Website Blocks

What is a horrific situation for an average computer user is a simple irritation for an everyday geek. To bypass a website block/filter, simply enter that websites IP address in instead of the actual site address.

20. Screw with Wifi Leeches

Nobody likes a wifi leech. At best, they’re simply using up your valuable bandwidth. At the worst–and far more likely, they’re stealing your identity and watching your activities. After watching your network and identifying the leech, use this trick to flip their browser upside down and let them know you don’t appreciate the intrusion.

http://tech.nocr.at/hacking-security/baffle-wifi-leeches-with-an-upside-down-ternet-2/

21. Hexadecimal and Binary Number Systems

Everyone knows the normal, everyday digit system used. It takes a special–possibly psychotic person–to also know hexadecimal and binary number systems.

Here is an excellent interactive tutorial on learning the two systems: http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objID=DIG1102

22. How to Hot Wire a Car

If your family always turns to you any time their computer hiccups, their DVD player needs fixed, or their home security system doesn’t activate, it’s only a matter of time before someone asks you how to hot wire a car. Wouldn’t it be great to be able to answer them?

To learn this unique skill, read here: http://howto.wired.com/wiki/Hot_Wire_Your_Car

23. Increase Wifi Range

With so many small portable gadgets gaining more and more sophisticated web browsers, in addition to gaming systems like the PSP and DS, getting the most use out of your wifi is practically a geek necessity.

Here is a good guide on extending your wifi’s range: http://www.mavromatic.com/archives/000451

24. Carrying a Computer Cleaning Arsenal on Your USB Drive

A good geek prepares for their friends stupidity. No matter how many times you tell them to stop downloading porn, they keep doing it until their machine is so infected it can’t drag itself into a grave. An arsenal of portable malware cleaners, a portable task manager, anti-virus, etc, will make those impromptu purging sessions all the easier.

25. Running an Operating System from a USB Thumb Drive

Most people don’t even understand what the magical operating system is. As a geek, you should transcend that basic knowledge and have a small operating system on your thumb drive handy for those times you need computer access but don’t know the password to a nearby computer.

http://www.pendrivelinux.com/

26. Understand What “There’s no Place Like 127.0.0.1″ Means

A lot of geeks wear this shirt as a short hand code for their computer finesse–or maybe just to screw with other people who stare but cannot figure out what it means. No matter the reason, if you’d like an answer, check out the link below.

http://www.tech-faq.com/127.0.0.1.shtml

27. Read 1337 At Normal Speed

Sure, everyone knows about it and it’s no longer cool, but if you’re going to proclaim yourself as a geek, you should be able to read it full speed. Who wants to choke in front of the wannabe that learned to read it full speed and flaunts it in your face?

http://www.wikihow.com/Read-and-Write-in-1337

28. At Least One Fictional Language

And not only should you know a fictional language, but you should use it to say something about yourself. Do you choose Klingon or Quenya?

Here’s a list of constructed languages: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_constructed_languages

29. How to Survive in a Linux Argument

Linux is gaining an all around higher standing in the geeksphere, and it’s bound to enter a conversation at some point (which will invariably end up turning into an argument). If you want to keep up, you’ll need to understand the basic points of Linux, as well as the general info of all basic things.

Here’s a good place to read and gain a foothold: http://www.linux.com/articles/feature/

30. Identify Major Constellations

For those times you venture from the air-conditioned, computer filled basement of your parents house (or something like that), look up at the stars and have yourself a Galileo moment. The stars may just be dots to many people, but with the handy website below, you’ll be stopping man-belts and lions in no time.

http://www.sky-watch.com/astronomy-guide/major-constellations.html

31. Use a Camera in Manual Mode

Sure, you could just use auto mode like everyone else too afraid to learn what some letters and numbers mean, but then you wouldn’t be much of a geek, would you? The oft-ignored dial on a camera is the key that unleashes the best quality photos possible, and every geek should be a whiz at using one.

http://digital-photography-school.com/digital-camera-modes

32. Who Mulder and Scully Are

It seems that in the plethora of geek websites, there always appears a joke about Mulder and Scully, the two main characters from the X-Files. If you don’t know who they are, you’ll be left in the dark, alone, contemplating what exactly it was you were doing in the 90′s that you wouldn’t understand the joke.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulder_and_Scully_(song)

33. Javascript

HTML is running the world (not really). Everyone knows some HTML and it makes them feel empowered. As a geek, you want to transcend that basic knowledge others share and know a little more. JavaScript is the answer–it is easy to learn if you’re not actually interested in web programming, but simply curious, and it looks scary to anyone who doesn’t know it.

http://www.yourhtmlsource.com/javascript/basicjavascript.html

34. How to Unlock an iPhone

Sure, most geeks wouldn’t be caught dead with an iPhone, but what about your friends? You’re the smart techie, they’ll expect your to know how to unlock it.

http://www.pcworld.com/article/137223/how_to_unlock_an_iphone.html

35. How to Install Mac OS X on a PC

Just because you don’t want Mac on your PC doesn’t mean you shouldn’t know how to do it. Knowledge is power, right? Go ahead, use this to stump your friends and family.

http://dailyapps.net/2007/10/hack-attack-install-leopard-on-your-pc-in-3-easy-steps/

36. Build a PC

If you purchase a ready-made PC, you can be sure of one thing–you’re paying more than you should. Assembling your own PC isn’t too hard, and is the first thing you should be aiming to accomplish as a geek.

Here is a massive article on assembling your own PC: http://www.pcmech.com/byopc/

37. Tethering a Smartphone

Nothing like a little wifi on the move, eh? Tethering a smartphone means using the Internet on your laptop/netbook via your cell phone. Of course, the method to do this depends on your phone, but here’s an article to get your started:

http://www.tech-recipes.com/rx/2276/smartphones_bb_treo_tether_modem_usa_carriers/

38. Wiring a Home Theater System

Home theater systems used to consist of a TV and a chair. Gone are those days of simplicity, however, and setting up a modern system can be pure mind-boggling horror. Where does the modulator go, why does the DVD player have no video and the cable box no sound?

Here’s a tutorial, including excellent diagrams, to show you how: http://www.prillaman.net/ht_info_8-wiring.html

39. Replacing a Laptop LCD

Laptop LCDs are vulnerable to many different mishaps: accidental pressure spots, shadows, airsoft pellets…. No matter, there will come a point when you need to swap your LCD for a new one. Now, as a geek, you probably don’t have an extended warranty. If that’s the case, here are some excellent pages and pictures on replacing the display:

http://www.fonerbooks.com/laptop_4.htm

40. Make a Laptop Cooling Pad

Can you believe these cost $50?! A geek will need one, because data crunching/DVD ripping/videos playing/rendering at the same times tends to cause excess heat. Instead of shelling out your hard earned dollars, make your own like so: http://www.instructables.com/id/Lazy-mans-laptop-cooler/

41. Unleash a Laser Pointer’s full potential

A normal person uses a laser pointer to drive their dog crazy. A geek uses it to melt butter for their grilled cheese sandwich. To unless a laser pointer’s full strength, crack open the case, fry the resistor with a hot soldering iron, then snap it back together and keep it away from flesh/eyes/airplanes. The pointer will burn out after a few hours, but what a fun few hours they will be.

Note: this is dangerous. Don’t do anything stupid.

42. Keyboard Shortcuts

This will depend on your operating system and the apps you use, so there’s no tutorial available. However, that is irrelevant–you’re a geek, you can find them yourself. Shortcuts are the difference between a slow computer user and a geek. The geek will always will out in a speed contest, because they do practically everything from their keyboard.

43. Soldering Glasses Together

Nerds use tape on broken glasses; geeks use solder. ‘Nuff said.

44. How to Execute a Shell Script

If you’re a true geek, you’ll need to do this at some point. Below are instructions on how to do so. Remember: always be cautious when running a script, you don’t want your computer to turn into a door stop, now do ya?

http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/unixhelp/scrpt/scrpt1.2.html

45. How to Hack a Pop Machine

Okay, so stealing isn’t cool. Still, hacking is simply a misunderstood art, right? So hacking a pop machine isn’t really stealing, because it’s not about the pop, it about the pleasure of getting your way. Or something like that. (Newsflash, it is illegal, don’t do it.) If you want to try your fingers at getting a free Coke, check out this link:

http://skattertech.com/soda-machine-hack/

46. Turn a Laptop into a Digital Picture Frame

So you want to show off pictures of your dog and that girl you once met, but you want to do it in an uber geeky way. Any schmuck can go to Walmart and buy a digital picture frame for a grossly inflated price. But you…oh, you’re too smart for that. No, instead you’ll find an old laptop on eBay for $5 and turn it into a true work of art.

http://repair4laptop.org/notebook_picture_frame.html

47. How to Mod a Flash Drive Case

All the geeks are doing it…. Whatever. The case your flash drive came in is probably weak and most certainly plain. Why not jazz it up with your own unique style?

Here’s one such case mod, and dozens of related projects: http://www.instructables.com/id/Metal-USB—Flash-drive-case-mod/

48. Do Cool Things to Altoids Tins

People are obsessed with these things. Altoids tins are durable, small, and just begging to be filled with LEDs, mp3 players, audio amps, and maybe some snuff. A good geek will find millions of uses for these little metal wonders. If you need a mental boost, however, here’s some interesting links:

http://www.squidoo.com/altoids-tins

49. Convert Cassette Tapes to Digital Audio Files

If your geekhood started in the 90′s, then you probably have a least a few (dozen) cassette tapes still sitting around. Why not breathe digital life into them before they fall ill to mortal fate?

http://lifehacker.com/software/mp3/alpha-geek-how-to-digitize-cassette-tapes-222394.php

50. Lock Your Computer with a USB Drive

You don’t want anyone getting into your files while you’re gone. A normal password would be enough to keep most people out, but what if you got super-secret X files on your computer? You can lock your machine down with a USB drive via these instructions:

http://lionjkt.wordpress.com/2008/12/31/how-to-lock-your-computer-with-usb-drive/

51. Run Your Own Ethernet Line

Wifi has taken the place of a wired connection in many homes, and with good reasons–you can go anywhere, no cables necessary. What about those…sensitive…activities that you’d rather the neighborhood script kiddie didn’t see on your wifi? An Ethernet cable is your solution.

To wire your own Ethernet, hit up this link: http://www.ertyu.org/steven_nikkel/ethernetcables.html

52. Set Up a Streaming Media Server

With digital files becoming the ultimate medium, many people have hundreds of gigabytes worth of music, videos, and pictures. You could keep them on a portable hard drive, but then you’re have to take it everywhere, and only one person could use it at a time. The solution is a streaming media server, something no geek can live without.

http://www.n00tz.net/2008/07/vlc-media-server-ubuntu-hardy/

53. Setting up a VPN

If you’re like most geeks, you can’t live without your computers. They store your life in some poetic fashion, holding files you feel a personal connection with…. Anyway, if you are at work and suddenly realize you left an important picture at home (or you need blackmail material pronto), having a VPN ready to go will save you big time.

http://www.computernetworkinghelp.com/content/view/41/1/

54. Turn Webcams into Security Cameras

Is someone stealing your Netflix DVDs? Do you suspect it is a fat hairy man in his boxers taking them each morning? If so, you can get your proof using a couple webcams and a bit of software.

http://www.simplehelp.net/2006/09/27/how-to-use-your-pc-and-webcam-as-a-motion-detecting-and-recording-security-camera/

55. Control Your House Lights with a Computer

Controlling the lights in your house via computer is a great way to freak out the neighborhood kids ding-dong-ditching (assuming you wire up a Halloween scream motion sensor, also). If you reasons are less nefarious, you simply use it to turn on and off lights without having to life ye butt from thy seat, which is a good reason in itself.

http://www.instructables.com/id/Control-lights-in-your-house-with-your-computer/

56. Play Retro Games without Retro Consoles

This applies to the geeks who enjoy gaming. Setting up an emulation PC on your TV is a great way to relive those games of old.

57. Put LEDs Inside a Lightbulb

The days of hot incandescent and mercury-laden fluorescent are gone, and in are the days of long lasting, low heat, low consumption LEDs. As any good geek, you want to be able to say “I was doing X long before it became mainstream.” Here’s your chance–the following link will show you how to put an LED inside a lightbulb, something sure to stump your friends the same way Grandpa’s ship-in-a-wine-bottle used to stump you.

http://blog.makezine.com/archive/2006/06/make_a_led_bulb.html

58. Create Music with Keyboard

How awesome is KeyBored? This little app gives all of your QWERTY keys a piano note. When you type, it sounds like an infant monkey punching a keyboard. If you’ve got some musical chops, it won’t take you long to figure out the Star Wars theme or find a hidden musical message in Counter Strike control buttons.

http://thebatman.net/keybored/

59. Make Your Office Ergonomic

Face it–you spend a lot of time at your desk. You might even have a few extra pounds and pallid skin to show for it. While those things are temporary, far to common and more serious is the carpal tunnel, eye strain, and back problems you’ll develop from having a poor workspace.

Hit up this link to create a body-friendly workspace that will keep you limber and flexible: http://www.ergotron.com/tabid/305/language/en-US/default.aspx

60. Adding a Third Monitor

Studies show that dual monitor increase work productivity by 30%. As a geek, you’ll need a third monitor to equal the dual setup of a layman (if that makes sense). While any hack with a VGA port can add a second monitor, it takes a true geek to add a third (or more). This will vary based on graphics/OS, so hit up Google for a tutorial or two.

61. How to Convert a DVD to x264 (or XviD or DivX)

It might seem like child’s play to you, but many individuals do not understand the fine art of converting a DVD into a digital file, let alone the careful skills it takes to achieve a happy balance between size and quality.

Here is an excellent tutorial demonstrating how to rip a DVD with the multi-platform free software Handbrake: http://howto.diveintomark.org/ipod-dvd-ripping-guide/

62. Flash System BIOS

Ya gotta do it some time, so stop putting it off and man up. Flashing the BIOS on your laptop might seem scary (as it should–fear keeps you on your toes and prevents mistakes), but it’s not (actually, it is, but if you even understand why you need to do this, you’ve gotta have at least a few chops by now). Warning–you can seriously bork your computer doing this!

http://www.pcstats.com/articleview.cfm?articleID=1605

63. How to Irrecoverably Protect Data

TrueCrypt, my friends. Learn to use TrueCrypt. If you have ask why, you don’t need it.

64. The Fastest way to Kill a Computer

It’s said that you have to get into a killers mind to understand their weaknesses, right? Same goes for the unfortunate boobs who always kill their laptops. Here’s a list of all the different ways you can accidentally kill a computer–arm your family and friends, and save yourself grief (because it’s surely you they will call when something goes horribly, horribly wrong).

How Hackers Use Google Search For Hacking


As you all know that Google indexes 80% of the internet providing you all information you require, but it also provides some confidential information, which in hands of a hacker can prove fatal.

and you can do it by just right search query.

here are some examples for you.

 

HOW HACKERS USE GOOGLE FOR HACKING SECURITY CAMERAS?

There are many security cameras used for monitoring places like parking lots, college campus, road traffic etc and which provide the information on web.

All You have to do is Type in Google search box exactly as follows and hit enter

inurl:”viewerframe?mode=motion”

Open any of the link and you will gain access to the live camera which has full controls. You are now all done. You can perform all the actions on that camera, such as: zoom in, zoom out,rotate the camera etc.

How To Gain Personal and Confidential Documents.

You can gain access to an email repository containing CV of hundreds of people which were created when applying for their jobs. The documents containing their Address, Phone, DOB, Education, Work experience etc via Google search.

Just type in

intitle:”curriculum vitae” “phone * * *” “address *” “e-mail”

if you want to get excel file, then

filetype:xls inurl:”email.xls”

and for gaining access to documents potentially containing information on bank accounts, financial summaries and credit card numbers using the following search query.

intitle:index.of finances.xls

Using Google To Get Free Stuffs

Using Google search You can get free music,ebooks and lot more free stuffs.

you just need to enter this quire.

“?intitle:index.of?mp3 Lady Gaga“

after hitting this you will get all album list of Lady Gaga, where you can download her songs by your choice.

similarly if you want to get free ebooks type :

“?intitle:index.of?pdf ebooks“

it will provide you all pdf with the name ‘ebooks’.

You can do a lot more by just entering the right keyword.

Explaining Complex Engine,Guns Principles Using Image


Here we have explained working of an machine/engine simply

1. Aircraft radial engine

2, oval Regulation

3, sewing machines

4, Malta Cross movement – second hand movement used to control the clock

5, auto change file mechanism

6, auto constant velocity universal joint

7, gun ammunition loading system

source: http://hiox.org/30629-simple-animation.php

How To Charge Your iPod Or iPhone Using An Onion


Here is a tutorial on how to charge your iPhone or iPad using an onion.

You can do this in just three simple steps.

i saw this article on Make Projects Website .

The basic principle for the working of this trick is electrolyte.

Step 1:

Get 1 fresh med onion.

Step 2:

put 2 holes in the onion then get two cups of Gatorade or Powerade and soak the onion it it for 30 mins.

Step 3: 

after 30 mins take it out and the put the charge in the onion it will take a min for it to work.